RegulonDB RegulonDB 8.6: Gene Form
   

gadA gene in Escherichia coli K-12 genome


Gene local context to scale (view description)

gadA yhjA gadX Fis TorR GadX GadW Fis GadX GadW Fis GadX GadW GadE-RcsB CRP GadX GadW GadX RcsB Fis GadX FNR TorR RutR FNR GadY terminator TSS_3788 TSS_3788 gadAp gadAp TSS_3787 TSS_3787 gadXp gadXp

Gene      
Name: gadA    Texpresso search in the literature
Synonym(s): b3517, gadS
Genome position(nucleotides): 3664203 <-- 3665603 Genome Browser
Strand: reverse
Sequence: Get nucleotide sequence FastaFormat
GC content %:  
53.96
External database links:  
ECOCYC:
EG50009
GENBANK:
1789934
GENBANK_RefSeq:
16131389
OU-MICROARRAY:
b3517
M3D: gadA
COLOMBOS: gadA
PortEco: b3517


Product      
Name: glutamate decarboxylase A subunit
Synonym(s): GadA, GadS
Sequence: Get amino acid sequence Fasta Format
Cellular location: cytosol,membrane
Molecular weight: 52.685
Isoelectric point: 5.04
Motif(s):
 
Type Positions Sequence
73 -> 73 H
295 -> 295 L
165 -> 165 C
208 -> 208 T
355 -> 355 D

 

Classification:
Multifun Terms (GenProtEC)  
  5 - cell processes --> 5.5 - adaptations --> 5.5.4 - pH
Gene Ontology Terms (GO)  
cellular_component GO:0005829 - cytosol
GO:0016020 - membrane
molecular_function GO:0003824 - catalytic activity
GO:0016829 - lyase activity
GO:0016831 - carboxy-lyase activity
GO:0004351 - glutamate decarboxylase activity
GO:0030170 - pyridoxal phosphate binding
biological_process GO:0019752 - carboxylic acid metabolic process
GO:0006536 - glutamate metabolic process
GO:0051454 - intracellular pH elevation
Note(s): Note(s): ...[more].
Reference(s): [1] De Biase D., et al., 1999
[2] Lin J., et al., 1995
[3] Smith DK., et al., 1992
External database links:  
ECOCYC:
GLUTDECARBOXA-MONOMER
EXPASY:
EC-4.1.1.15
GENPROTEC:
b3517
PDB:
1XEY


Operon      
Name: gadAXW         
Operon arrangement:
Transcription unit        Promoter
gadW
gadW
gadX
gadXW
gadAX


RNA cis-regulatory element    
Attenuation: Transcriptional


Elements in the selected gene context region unrelated to any object in RegulonDB      

  Type Name Post Left Post Right Strand Notes Evidence (Confirmed, Strong, Weak) References
  promoter TSS_3787 3665178 reverse nd [RS-EPT-CBR] [4]
  promoter TSS_3788 3666802 reverse nd [RS-EPT-CBR] [4]


Evidence    

 [RS-EPT-CBR] RNA-seq using two enrichment strategies for primary transcripts and consistent biological replicates



Reference(s)    

 [1] De Biase D., Tramonti A., Bossa F., Visca P., 1999, The response to stationary-phase stress conditions in Escherichia coli: role and regulation of the glutamic acid decarboxylase system., Mol Microbiol. 32(6):1198-211

 [2] Lin J., Lee IS., Frey J., Slonczewski JL., Foster JW., 1995, Comparative analysis of extreme acid survival in Salmonella typhimurium, Shigella flexneri, and Escherichia coli., J Bacteriol. 177(14):4097-104

 [3] Smith DK., Kassam T., Singh B., Elliott JF., 1992, Escherichia coli has two homologous glutamate decarboxylase genes that map to distinct loci., J Bacteriol. 174(18):5820-6

 [4] Salgado H, Peralta-Gil M, Gama-Castro S, Santos-Zavaleta A, Mu¿¿iz-Rascado L, Garc¿¿a-Sotelo JS, Weiss V, Solano-Lira H, Mart¿¿nez-Flores I, Medina-Rivera A, Salgado-Osorio G, Alquicira-Hern¿¿ndez S, Alquicira-Hern¿¿ndez K, L¿¿pez-Fuentes A, Porr¿¿n-Sotelo L, Huerta AM, Bonavides-Mart¿¿nez C, Balderas-Mart¿¿nez YI, Pannier L, Olvera M, Labastida A, Jim¿¿nez-Jacinto V, Vega-Alvarado L, Del Moral-Ch¿¿vez V, Hern¿¿ndez-Alvarez A, Morett E, Collado-Vides J., 2012, RegulonDB v8.0: omics data sets, evolutionary conservation, regulatory phrases, cross-validated gold standards and more., Nucleic Acids Res.


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