RegulonDB RegulonDB 10.6.3: Operon Form
   

leuO operon and associated TUs in Escherichia coli K-12 genome




Operon      
Name: leuO
This page displays every known transcription unit of this operon and their known regulation.


Transcription unit          
Name: leuO
Gene(s): leuO   Genome Browser M3D Gene expression COLOMBOS
Note(s): LrhA binds to a region which overlaps with the HNS-binding site and one of the LeuO-binding sites, activating the promoters leuOp1, leuOp, and leuOp3 |CITS:[28252809]|.
Evidence: [BTEI] Boundaries of transcription experimentally identified
Reference(s): [1] Stratmann T., et al., 2012
Promoter
Name: leuOp1
+1: 84154
Distance from start of the gene: 214
Sequence: cacatttaatccattttgtagatgattgagtattcgcggtagttatgattagattgttttCgcaacaaaaacattatggat
Evidence: [TIM]
Reference(s): [2] Breddermann H., et al., 2017
[1] Stratmann T., et al., 2012
TF binding sites (TFBSs)
Type Transcription factor Function Promoter Binding Sites Growth Conditions Evidence (Confirmed, Strong, Weak) Reference(s)
LeftPos RightPos Central Rel-Pos Sequence
remote LrhA activator leuOp1 84000 84091 -109.0 attatatgttTTGCGATTTTTTTTGATATTGATTTGGTGAATATTATTGATCAATTAATGTTAAGAATTAATGCATTAAATATATAAATTAATTATTAAATAagcacattta nd [BPP], [GEA] [2]


Transcription unit          
Name: leuO
Gene(s): leuO   Genome Browser M3D Gene expression COLOMBOS
Note(s): The leuO gene is one of the genes naturally regulated by the gene silencer. It is, together with the ilvIH and leuABCD operons, regulated via the promoter-relay mechanism. It was demonstrated by primer extension experiments that ilvIH promoter activity is required for activation of the leuO gene via this mechanism. The AT-rich DNA regions flanking leuO are named locus control regions LCR-I and LCR-II, respectively. LCR-I (gene silencer) corresponds to the H-NS (cis-element with little DNA sequence specificity), and LCR-II-binding sites regulate negatively and positively the leuO gene expression |CITS: [15582999]|.
Expression of the leuO gene is coupled to the expression of the ilvIH operon located downstream of the leuO gene |CITS: [18055596]|.
LrhA binds to a region which overlaps with the HNS-binding site and one of the LeuO-binding sites, activating the promoters leuOp1, leuOp, and leuOp3 |CITS:[28252809]|.
Evidence: [LTED] Length of transcript experimentally determined
[LTED] Length of transcript experimentally determined
Reference(s): [3] Chen CC., et al., 2005
Promoter
Name: leuOp
+1: 84188
Sigma Factor: Sigma70 Sigmulon
Distance from start of the gene: 180
Sequence: cgcggtagttatgattagattgttttcgcaacaaaaacattatggattattatgctgtggTaaatgactcattccacggca
                         -35                    -10         +1                   
Note(s): The transcription start site leuOp has been mapped 1 bp upstream of the site mapped here Breddermann H,2017
Evidence: [HIPP]
[TIM] ; Method: Primer Extension
[TIM]
Reference(s): [2] Breddermann H., et al., 2017
[3] Chen CC., et al., 2005
TF binding sites (TFBSs)
Type Transcription factor Function Promoter Binding Sites Growth Conditions Evidence (Confirmed, Strong, Weak) Reference(s)
LeftPos RightPos Central Rel-Pos Sequence
remote H-NS1 repressor leuOp 84085 84099 -96.0 aaattaattaTTAAATAAGCACATTtaatccattt nd [GEA], [HIBSCS] [1], [3]
Type Transcription factor Function Promoter Binding Sites Growth Conditions Evidence (Confirmed, Strong, Weak) Reference(s)
LeftPos RightPos Central Rel-Pos Sequence
proximal LeuO activator leuOp 84122 84142 -56.0 tagatgattgAGTATTCGCGGTAGTTATGATtagattgttt nd [BPP], [GEA], [IC] [1], [3]
Type Transcription factor Function Promoter Binding Sites Growth Conditions Evidence (Confirmed, Strong, Weak) Reference(s)
LeftPos RightPos Central Rel-Pos Sequence
remote LrhA activator leuOp 84000 84091 -143.0 attatatgttTTGCGATTTTTTTTGATATTGATTTGGTGAATATTATTGATCAATTAATGTTAAGAATTAATGCATTAAATATATAAATTAATTATTAAATAagcacattta nd [BPP], [GEA] [2]
Type Transcription factor Function Promoter Binding Sites Growth Conditions Evidence (Confirmed, Strong, Weak) Reference(s)
LeftPos RightPos Central Rel-Pos Sequence
remote SlyA activator leuOp 84057 84068 -125.5 atgttaagaaTTAATGCATTAAatatataaat nd [AIBSCS], [BPP], [GEA] [4]
remote SlyA activator leuOp 84065 84076 -117.5 aattaatgcaTTAAATATATAAattaattatt nd [AIBSCS], [BPP], [GEA] [4]
Note(s): 1H-NS acts as trans-acting factor upstream of the leuO gene, and it is responsible for the transcriptional repression mediated by a gene silencer. Chen et al. (2005) concluded that the gene silencer site is important for the relay mechanism and that there must be an H-NS nucleation site for its propagation, rather than an ordinary H-NS-preferred DNA-binding sequence Chen CC,2005.4H-NS acts as trans-acting factor upstream of the leuO gene, and it is responsible for the transcriptional repression mediated by a gene silencer. Chen et al. (2005) concluded that the gene silencer site is important for the relay mechanism and that there must be an H-NS nucleation site for its propagation, rather than an ordinary H-NS-preferred DNA-binding sequence Chen CC,2005.
Allosteric regulation of RNA-polymerase
  Regulator Function Promoter target of RNApol Growth Conditions Note Evidence Reference
  ppGpp activation leuOp leuO expression is induced indirectly via an increase in the cellular Lrp level in response to a ppGpp level increase, which is caused by the slow growth rate as cells enter stationary phase |CITS:[11006083]|. [GEA]
[IMP]
[5]
Evidence: [GEA] Gene expression analysis
[IMP] Inferred from mutant phenotype
Reference(s): [5] Fang M., et al., 2000


Transcription unit          
Name: leuO
Gene(s): leuO   Genome Browser M3D Gene expression COLOMBOS
Note(s): LrhA binds to a region which overlaps with the HNS-binding site and one of the LeuO-binding sites, activating the promoters leuOp1, leuOp, and leuOp3 |CITS:[28252809]|.
Evidence: [LTED] Length of transcript experimentally determined
Reference(s): [3] Chen CC., et al., 2005
Promoter
Name: leuOp3
+1: 84298
Distance from start of the gene: 70
Sequence: ctttatgttttccgaattttactcattttgctttttcttattttatatgcatgataaatcAtattcttcaggattatttct
Note(s): The transcription start site leuOp3 presents an additional site mapped 4 bp upstream of leuOp2 Breddermann H,2017
Evidence: [TIM]
Reference(s): [2] Breddermann H., et al., 2017
TF binding sites (TFBSs)
Type Transcription factor Function Promoter Binding Sites Growth Conditions Evidence (Confirmed, Strong, Weak) Reference(s)
LeftPos RightPos Central Rel-Pos Sequence
remote LrhA activator leuOp3 84000 84091 -253.0 attatatgttTTGCGATTTTTTTTGATATTGATTTGGTGAATATTATTGATCAATTAATGTTAAGAATTAATGCATTAAATATATAAATTAATTATTAAATAagcacattta nd [BPP], [GEA] [2]


Transcription unit          
Name: leuO
Gene(s): leuO   Genome Browser M3D Gene expression COLOMBOS
Note(s): A double-positive feedback network between LeuO and BglJ antagonistic regulators results in bistability and heterogeneity, or it can be maintained in stable OFF or ON states by an additional signal |CITS: [27695690]|. Growth under steady-state conditions revealed uniform expression of both regulators, which have antagonistic regulation activities that act independently of each other |CITS: [27695690]|.
The effect of BglJ and LrhA together on leuOp2 activation is additive |CITS:[28252809]|.
The expression of lrhA from a plasmid can activate leuO transcription; however, the expression of leuO is dependent on more than the presence of LrhA. In addition, the activation by LrhA is affected negatively by the LeuO regulator |CITS:[28252809]|.
Evidence: [BTEI] Boundaries of transcription experimentally identified
Reference(s): [1] Stratmann T., et al., 2012
Promoter
Name: leuOp2
+1: 84304
Distance from start of the gene: 64
Sequence: gttttccgaattttactcattttgctttttcttattttatatgcatgataaatcatattcTtcaggattatttctctgcat
Evidence: [RS-EPT-CBR]
[TIM]
Reference(s): [2] Breddermann H., et al., 2017
[6] Salgado H, et al., 2012
[7] Salscheider SL., et al., 2014
[1] Stratmann T., et al., 2012
TF binding sites (TFBSs)
Type Transcription factor Function Promoter Binding Sites Growth Conditions Evidence (Confirmed, Strong, Weak) Reference(s)
LeftPos RightPos Central Rel-Pos Sequence
remote H-NS repressor leuOp2 84085 84099 -212.0 aaattaattaTTAAATAAGCACATTtaatccattt nd [BPP], [GEA], [HIBSCS] [1], [3]
Type Transcription factor Function Promoter Binding Sites Growth Conditions Evidence (Confirmed, Strong, Weak) Reference(s)
LeftPos RightPos Central Rel-Pos Sequence
remote LeuO dual leuOp2 84014 84034 -280.0 gattttttttGATATTGATTTGGTGAATATTattgatcaat nd [BPP], [GEA], [IC] [1]
remote LeuO dual leuOp2 84014 84034 -280.0 gattttttttGATATTGATTTGGTGAATATTattgatcaat nd [BPP], [GEA], [IC] [1]
remote LeuO dual leuOp2 84040 84060 -254.0 atattattgaTCAATTAATGTTAAGAATTAAtgcattaaat nd [BPP], [GEA], [IC] [1]
remote LeuO dual leuOp2 84040 84060 -254.0 atattattgaTCAATTAATGTTAAGAATTAAtgcattaaat nd [BPP], [GEA], [IC] [1]
remote LeuO dual leuOp2 84099 84119 -195.0 ataagcacatTTAATCCATTTTGTAGATGATtgagtattcg nd [BPP], [GEA], [IC] [1]
remote LeuO dual leuOp2 84099 84119 -195.0 ataagcacatTTAATCCATTTTGTAGATGATtgagtattcg nd [BPP], [GEA], [IC] [1]
remote LeuO dual leuOp2 84122 84142 -172.0 tagatgattgAGTATTCGCGGTAGTTATGATtagattgttt nd [BPP], [GEA] [1], [3]
remote LeuO dual leuOp2 84122 84142 -172.0 tagatgattgAGTATTCGCGGTAGTTATGATtagattgttt nd [BPP], [GEA] [1], [3]
Type Transcription factor Function Promoter Binding Sites Growth Conditions Evidence (Confirmed, Strong, Weak) Reference(s)
LeftPos RightPos Central Rel-Pos Sequence
proximal RcsB-BglJ activator leuOp2 84236 84255 -58.5 cagaacccgtATCTTTATGTTTTCCGAATTttactcattt nd [GEA], [HIBSCS], [SM] [1]
Type Transcription factor Function Promoter Binding Sites Growth Conditions Evidence (Confirmed, Strong, Weak) Reference(s)
LeftPos RightPos Central Rel-Pos Sequence
nd StpA repressor leuOp2 nd nd nd nd nd [GEA] [1]




Reference(s)    

 [1] Stratmann T., Pul U., Wurm R., Wagner R., Schnetz K., 2012, RcsB-BglJ activates the Escherichia coli leuO gene, encoding an H-NS antagonist and pleiotropic regulator of virulence determinants., Mol Microbiol 83(6):1109-23

 [2] Breddermann H., Schnetz K., 2017, Activation of leuO by LrhA in Escherichia coli., Mol Microbiol

 [3] Chen CC., Chou MY., Huang CH., Majumder A., Wu HY., 2005, A cis-spreading nucleoprotein filament is responsible for the gene silencing activity found in the promoter relay mechanism., J Biol Chem 280(6):5101-12

 [4] Curran T., Abacha F., Hibberd S., Rolfe M., Lacey M., Green J., 2017, Identification of new members of the Escherichia coli K-12 MG1655 SlyA regulon., Microbiology

 [5] Fang M., Majumder A., Tsai KJ., Wu HY., 2000, ppGpp-dependent leuO expression in bacteria under stress., Biochem Biophys Res Commun 276(1):64-70

 [6] Salgado H, Peralta-Gil M, Gama-Castro S, Santos-Zavaleta A, Mu¿¿iz-Rascado L, Garc¿¿a-Sotelo JS, Weiss V, Solano-Lira H, Mart¿¿nez-Flores I, Medina-Rivera A, Salgado-Osorio G, Alquicira-Hern¿¿ndez S, Alquicira-Hern¿¿ndez K, L¿¿pez-Fuentes A, Porr¿¿n-Sotelo L, Huerta AM, Bonavides-Mart¿¿nez C, Balderas-Mart¿¿nez YI, Pannier L, Olvera M, Labastida A, Jim¿¿nez-Jacinto V, Vega-Alvarado L, Del Moral-Ch¿¿vez V, Hern¿¿ndez-Alvarez A, Morett E, Collado-Vides J., 2012, RegulonDB v8.0: omics data sets, evolutionary conservation, regulatory phrases, cross-validated gold standards and more., Nucleic Acids Res.

 [7] Salscheider SL., Jahn A., Schnetz K., 2014, Transcriptional regulation by BglJ-RcsB, a pleiotropic heteromeric activator in Escherichia coli., Nucleic Acids Res 42(5):2999-3008


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