RegulonDB RegulonDB 10.8: Operon Form
   

fes-ybdZ-entF-fepE operon and associated TUs in Escherichia coli K-12 genome




Operon      
Name: fes-ybdZ-entF-fepE
This page displays every known transcription unit of this operon and their known regulation.


Transcription unit          
Name: fes-ybdZ-entF-fepE
Gene(s): fes, ybdZ, entF, fepE   Genome Browser M3D Gene expression COLOMBOS
Note(s): A potential RNA G-quadruplex structure, formed by guanine-rich sequences located in the coding sequence region of the gene, was identified for entF . This structure could regulate the expression of the gene, as observed for hemL gene expression 31964733.
Reference(s): [1] Hunt MD., et al., 1994
Promoter
Name: fesp
+1: 612687
Sigma Factor: Sigma70 Sigmulon
Distance from start of the gene: 50
Sequence: cttcccacggcgcgccattacgctattgcaaatgcaaatagttatcaataatattatcaaTatatttctgcaatcaatgaa
                          -35                       -10     +1                   
Evidence: [TIM]
Reference(s): [2] Pettis GS., et al., 1988
TF binding sites (TFBSs)
Type Transcription factor Function Promoter Binding Sites Growth Conditions Evidence (Confirmed, Strong, Weak) Reference(s)
LeftPos RightPos Central Rel-Pos Sequence
remote FNR activator fesp 612537 612550 -143.5 aactgtcgggCATGGTCGTCATCAacacgacgca nd [AIBSCS], [CV(GEA)], [GEA] [3]
Type Transcription factor Function Promoter Binding Sites Growth Conditions Evidence (Confirmed, Strong, Weak) Reference(s)
LeftPos RightPos Central Rel-Pos Sequence
proximal Fur-Fe2+ repressor fesp 612650 612668 -28.0 gccattacgcTATTGCAAATGCAAATAGTtatcaataat nd [AIBSCS], [APIORCISFBSCS], [BPP], [CV(GEA)], [CV(GEA)], [GEA] [1], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8], [9]
proximal Fur-Fe2+ repressor fesp 612657 612675 -21.0 cgctattgcaAATGCAAATAGTTATCAATaatattatca nd [APIORCISFBSCS], [BPP], [CV(GEA)], [CV(GEA)], [GEA] [4], [6], [7], [9]
proximal Fur-Fe2+ repressor fesp 612663 612681 -15.0 tgcaaatgcaAATAGTTATCAATAATATTatcaatatat nd [AIBSCS], [APIORCISFBSCS], [BPP], [CV(GEA)], [CV(GEA)], [GEA] [4], [6], [7], [9]
proximal Fur-Fe2+ repressor fesp 612669 612687 -9.0 tgcaaatagtTATCAATAATATTATCAATatatttctgc nd [AIBSCS], [APIORCISFBSCS], [BPP], [CV(GEA)], [CV(GEA)], [GEA] [4], [6], [7], [9]
proximal Fur-Fe2+ repressor fesp 612676 612694 -2.0 agttatcaatAATATTATCAATATATTTCtgcaatcaat nd [APIORCISFBSCS], [BPP], [CV(GEA)], [CV(GEA)], [GEA] [4], [6], [7]
Type Transcription factor Function Promoter Binding Sites Growth Conditions Evidence (Confirmed, Strong, Weak) Reference(s)
LeftPos RightPos Central Rel-Pos Sequence
proximal H-NS activator fesp 612679 612693 -0.5 tatcaataatATTATCAATATATTTctgcaatcaa nd [GEA] [10]




Reference(s)    

 [1] Hunt MD., Pettis GS., McIntosh MA., 1994, Promoter and operator determinants for fur-mediated iron regulation in the bidirectional fepA-fes control region of the Escherichia coli enterobactin gene system., J Bacteriol 176(13):3944-55

 [2] Pettis GS., Brickman TJ., McIntosh MA., 1988, Transcriptional mapping and nucleotide sequence of the Escherichia coli fepA-fes enterobactin region. Identification of a unique iron-regulated bidirectional promoter., J Biol Chem 263(35):18857-63

 [3] Constantinidou C., Hobman JL., Griffiths L., Patel MD., Penn CW., Cole JA., Overton TW., 2006, A reassessment of the FNR regulon and transcriptomic analysis of the effects of nitrate, nitrite, NarXL, and NarQP as Escherichia coli K12 adapts from aerobic to anaerobic growth., J Biol Chem 281(8):4802-15

 [4] Chen Z., Lewis KA., Shultzaberger RK., Lyakhov IG., Zheng M., Doan B., Storz G., Schneider TD., 2007, Discovery of Fur binding site clusters in Escherichia coli by information theory models., Nucleic Acids Res 35(20):6762-77

 [5] Escolar L., Perez-Martin J., de Lorenzo V., 1998, Coordinated repression in vitro of the divergent fepA-fes promoters of Escherichia coli by the iron uptake regulation (Fur) protein., J Bacteriol 180(9):2579-82

 [6] Kumar R., Shimizu K., 2011, Transcriptional regulation of main metabolic pathways of cyoA, cydB, fnr, and fur gene knockout Escherichia coli in C-limited and N-limited aerobic continuous cultures., Microb Cell Fact 10:3

 [7] Newman DL., Shapiro JA., 1999, Differential fiu-lacZ fusion regulation linked to Escherichia coli colony development., Mol Microbiol 33(1):18-32

 [8] Vassinova N., Kozyrev D., 2000, A method for direct cloning of fur-regulated genes: identification of seven new fur-regulated loci in Escherichia coli., Microbiology 146 Pt 12:3171-3182

 [9] Zhang Z., Gosset G., Barabote R., Gonzalez CS., Cuevas WA., Saier MH., 2005, Functional interactions between the carbon and iron utilization regulators, Crp and Fur, in Escherichia coli., J Bacteriol 187(3):980-90

 [10] White-Ziegler CA., Malhowski AJ., Young S., 2007, Human body temperature (37degrees C) increases the expression of iron, carbohydrate, and amino acid utilization genes in Escherichia coli K-12., J Bacteriol 189(15):5429-40


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