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YefM-YoeB DNA-binding transcriptional repressor

Synonyms: YefM-YoeB
YefM is a transcriptional DNA-binding autorepressor for the yefM-yoeB operon. In addition, YefM also functions as an antitoxin to form a complex with YoeB, which is a toxin that is counteracted by YefM antitoxin Kedzierska B,2007 YefM can bind alone with low affinity to the yefM-yoeB operator, but together with YoeB it has an enhanced DNA-binding affinity compared to free YefM Kedzierska B,2007 YoeB enhances the interaction with YefM by affecting the YefM conformation to one that is more favorable for DNA binding and/or by stabilizing the nucleoprotein complex at the operator site and reducing basal expression of the yefM-yoeB operon Kedzierska B,2007. Bailey SE,2009
The yefM gene is upregulated during growth in biofilms Ren D,2004and yefM-yoeB is upregulated in persister cells Shah D,2006 it is probable that derepression of yefM-yoeB autoregulation occurs in these circumstances in response to an as-yet-unknown environmental or cell cycle signal(s) that interferes with the YefM-YoeB-operator interaction Bailey SE,2009
The operator site 5' of yefM-yoeB comprises adjacent long (L) and short (S) palindromes with core 5'-TGTACA-3' motifs with a center-to-center distance of 12 bp Kedzierska B,2007 which was suggested to be crucial for the correct stable positioning of YefM-YoeB at the two repeats Bailey SE,2009 This sequence organization is common in yefM-yoeB regulatory regions in diverse genomes, suggesting that interaction of YefM-YoeB with these motifs is a conserved mechanism of operon autoregulation Kedzierska B,2007
Nevertheless, YefM originally was described as a native unstructured protein Cherny I,2004 later it was reevaluated as experimental, and modeling data have demonstrated that the protein is at least partially folded Kedzierska B,2007.
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Transcription factor      
TF conformation(s):
Name Conformation Type TF-Effector Interaction Type Apo/Holo Conformation Evidence (Confirmed, Strong, Weak) References
YefM-YoeB     nd nd
Evolutionary Family: YefM, YoeB/Txe_like
Connectivity class: Local Regulator
Gene name: yefM
  Genome position: 2089462-2089713
  Length: 252 bp / 83 aa
Operon name: yefM-yoeB
TU(s) encoding the TF:
Transcription unit        Promoter
Gene name: yoeB
  Genome position: 2089211-2089465
  Length: 255 bp / 84 aa
Operon name: yefM-yoeB
TU(s) encoding the TF:
Transcription unit        Promoter

Regulated gene(s) yefM, yoeB
Multifun term(s) of regulated gene(s)
defense/survival (2)
Regulated operon(s) yefM-yoeB
First gene in the operon(s) yefM
Simple and complex regulons YefM,YefM-YoeB
Simple and complex regulatory phrases Regulatory phrase (List of promoters regulated by the phrase)

Transcription factor binding sites (TFBSs) arrangements       

  Functional conformation Function Promoter Sigma factor Central Rel-Pos Distance to first Gene Genes Sequence LeftPos RightPos Evidence (Confirmed, Strong, Weak) References
  YefM-YoeB repressor yefMp Sigma70 -10.5 -30.5 yefM, yoeB
2089737 2089750 [BPP], [GEA], [HIBSCS] [1]
  YefM-YoeB repressor yefMp Sigma70 2.5 -18.5 yefM, yoeB
2089725 2089738 [BPP], [GEA], [HIBSCS] [1]

Evolutionary conservation of regulatory elements    
     Note: Evolutionary conservation of regulatory interactions and promoters is limited to gammaproteobacteria.
Promoter-target gene evolutionary conservation


 [BPP] Binding of purified proteins

 [GEA] Gene expression analysis

 [HIBSCS] Human inference based on similarity to consensus sequences


 [1] Kedzierska B., Lian LY., Hayes F., 2007, Toxin-antitoxin regulation: bimodal interaction of YefM-YoeB with paired DNA palindromes exerts transcriptional autorepression., Nucleic Acids Res. 35(1):325-39