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UhpA DNA-binding transcriptional activator

Synonyms: UhpA-phosphorylated, UhpA
The regulatory protein for "uptake of hexose phosphates," UhpA [7], activates the transcription of a gene that codes for UhpT, a protein that transports many phosphorylated sugars into the cell [8]. UhpA is the response regulator in the unusual two-component regulatory system comprised of three proteins, UhpA/UhpB/UhpC, and is a member of the NarL subfamily of response regulators. The signal that triggers this signaling pathway is glucose 6-phosphate external. This sugar is sensed by UhpC, which interacts with UhpB to stimulate its autophosphorylation. Then, phosphorylated UhpB transfers the phosphate group to UhpA in Asp-54 to activate it [9]. UhpB unphosphorylated is able to dephosphorylate to UhpA [9, 10]. UhpA has two modules: the receiver module, which contains the putative site of phosphorylation in the N-terminal domain [11], and the activation module, which contains a helix-turn-helix motif for DNA binding in the C-terminal domain[11, 12].
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Transcription factor      
TF conformation(s):
Name Conformation Type TF-Effector Interaction Type Apo/Holo Conformation Evidence Confidence level (C: Confirmed, S: Strong, W: Weak) References
UhpA Non-Functional   Apo nd nd nd
UhpA-phosphorylated Functional Covalent Holo nd nd nd
Evolutionary Family: LuxR/UhpA
TFBs length: 20
TFBs symmetry: inverted-repeat
Sensing class: External-Two-component systems
Connectivity class: Local Regulator
Gene name: uhpA
  Genome position: 3850136-3850726
  Length: 591 bp / 196 aa
Operon name: ivbL-ilvBN-uhpABC
TU(s) encoding the TF:
Transcription unit        Promoter

Regulated gene(s) uhpT
Multifun term(s) of regulated gene(s) MultiFun Term (List of genes associated to the multifun term)
carbon compounds (1)
Porters (Uni-, Sym- and Antiporters) (1)
membrane (1)
Regulated operon(s) uhpT
First gene in the operon(s) uhpT
Simple and complex regulons CRP,UhpA,UvrY
Simple and complex regulatory phrases Regulatory phrase (List of promoters regulated by the phrase)

Transcription factor regulation    

Transcription factor binding sites (TFBSs) arrangements

  Functional conformation Function Promoter Sigma factor Central Rel-Pos Distance to first Gene Genes Sequence LeftPos RightPos Evidence Confidence level (C: Confirmed, S: Strong, W: Weak) References
  UhpA-phosphorylated activator uhpTp Sigma70 -64.5 -95.5 uhpT
  UhpA-phosphorylated activator uhpTp Sigma70 -41.5 -72.5 uhpT

Evolutionary conservation of regulatory elements    
     Note: Evolutionary conservation of regulatory interactions and promoters is limited to gammaproteobacteria.
Promoter-target gene evolutionary conservation


 [1] Chen Q., Kadner RJ., 2000, Effect of altered spacing between uhpT promoter elements on transcription activation., J Bacteriol 182(16):4430-6

 [2] Dahl JL., Wei BY., Kadner RJ., 1997, Protein phosphorylation affects binding of the Escherichia coli transcription activator UhpA to the uhpT promoter., J Biol Chem 272(3):1910-9

 [3] Verhamme DT., Postma PW., Crielaard W., Hellingwerf KJ., 2002, Cooperativity in signal transfer through the Uhp system of Escherichia coli., J Bacteriol 184(15):4205-10

 [4] Wright JS., Olekhnovich IN., Touchie G., Kadner RJ., 2000, The histidine kinase domain of UhpB inhibits UhpA action at the Escherichia coli uhpT promoter., J Bacteriol 182(22):6279-86

 [5] Olekhnovich IN., Dahl JL., Kadner RJ., 1999, Separate contributions of UhpA and CAP to activation of transcription of the uhpT promoter of Escherichia coli., J Mol Biol 292(5):973-86

 [6] Olekhnovich IN., Kadner RJ., 2002, Mutational scanning and affinity cleavage analysis of UhpA-binding sites in the Escherichia coli uhpT promoter., J Bacteriol 184(10):2682-91

 [7] Kornberg HL, Smith J, 1969, Genetic control of hexose phosphate uptake by Escherichia coli., Nature, 224(5226):1261 10.1038/2241261a0

 [8] Kadner RJ, Shattuck-Eidens DM, 1983, Genetic control of the hexose phosphate transport system of Escherichia coli: mapping of deletion and insertion mutations in the uhp region., J Bacteriol, 155(3):1052 10.1128/jb.155.3.1052-1061.1983

 [9] Verhamme DT, Arents JC, Postma PW, Crielaard W, Hellingwerf KJ, 2001, Glucose-6-phosphate-dependent phosphoryl flow through the Uhp two-component regulatory system., Microbiology (Reading), 147(Pt 12):3345 10.1099/00221287-147-12-3345

 [10] Wright JS., Kadner RJ., 2001, The phosphoryl transfer domain of UhpB interacts with the response regulator UhpA., J Bacteriol 183(10):3149-59

 [11] Webber CA., Kadner RJ., 1995, Action of receiver and activator modules of UhpA in transcriptional control of the Escherichia coli sugar phosphate transport system., Mol Microbiol 15(5):883-93

 [12] Weston LA., Kadner RJ., 1988, Role of uhp genes in expression of the Escherichia coli sugar-phosphate transport system., J Bacteriol 170(8):3375-83

 [13] Olekhnovich IN., Kadner RJ., 1999, RNA polymerase alpha and sigma(70) subunits participate in transcription of the Escherichia coli uhpT promoter., J Bacteriol 181(23):7266-73

 [14] Merkel TJ., Nelson DM., Brauer CL., Kadner RJ., 1992, Promoter elements required for positive control of transcription of the Escherichia coli uhpT gene., J Bacteriol 174(9):2763-70

 [15] Weston LA., Kadner RJ., 1987, Identification of uhp polypeptides and evidence for their role in exogenous induction of the sugar phosphate transport system of Escherichia coli K-12., J Bacteriol 169(8):3546-55