RegulonDB RegulonDB 10.9: Regulon Form
   
   


ArcA,CRP,Cra,CusR,FNR,Fis,Fur,GadE,HprR,PdhR regulon in Escherichia coli K-12 genome


TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR: Info
Name:
Fis Weight Matrix      Tractordb tool
Connectivity class Global Regulator
Sensing Class TFs for DNA-bending
Synonym(s): DNA-binding transcriptional dual regulator Fis, Nbp, site-specific DNA inversion stimulation factor
Gene name(s): fis
Functional conformation(s): Fis
Coregulator(s): AcrR, AdiY, AppY, ArcA, ArgP, BasR, CRP, CpxR, Cra, CreB, CspA, CusR, CytR, DeoR, DksA, DksA-ppGpp, DnaA, FNR, FadR, Fis, FlhDC, FliZ, Fur, GadE, GadE-RcsB, GadW, GadX, GlcC, GlpR, H-NS, HprR, IHF, IscR, LeuO, Lrp, MalT, MarA, MarR, MazE, MazE-MazF, Mlc, MntR, ModE, NanR, NarL, NarP, NrdR, NsrR, NtrC, OmpR, OxyR, PdhR, PepA, PurR, RcsB, RcsB-BglJ, Rob, RstA, RutR, SlyA, SoxS, StpA, TorR, XylR, YdeO, ppGpp
Summary: TF Summary ...[more]
TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR: Info
Name:
FNR Weight Matrix      Tractordb tool
Connectivity class Global Regulator
Sensing Class Using internal synthesized signals
Synonym(s): DNA-binding transcriptional dual regulator FNR, NirA, NirR, OssA, OxrA
Gene name(s): fnr
Functional conformation(s): FNR , FNR-[4Fe-4S]2+ reduced , FNR-[2Fe-2S]2+ oxidized
Coregulator(s): AcrR, AdiY, ArcA, ArgP, ArgR, BtsR, CRP, CadC, CaiF, Cbl, CdaR, Cra, CueR, CusR, CysB, DcuR, DksA, DksA-ppGpp, DnaA, DpiA, EvgA, ExuR, FNR, FhlA, Fis, FlhDC, Fur, GadE, GadE-RcsB, GadW, GadX, GcvA, GlpR, H-NS, HdfR, HprR, HyfR, HypT, IHF, LeuO, Lrp, MalT, MarA, MetR, MlrA, ModE, Nac, NagC, NarL, NarP, NfeR, NikR, NorR, NrdR, NsrR, NtrC, OmpR, OxyR, PdhR, PhoB, PhoP, PurR, PuuR, RcsB, Rob, RstA, RutR, SlyA, SoxR, SoxS, TdcA, TdcR, TorR, YeiL, ppGpp
Summary: TF Summary ...[more]
TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR: Info
Name:
CRP Weight Matrix      Tractordb tool
Connectivity class Global Regulator
Sensing Class Using internal synthesized signals
Synonym(s): Cap, Csm, DNA-binding transcriptional dual regulator CRP, GurB
Gene name(s): crp
Functional conformation(s): CRP-cAMP , CRP
Coregulator(s): AcrR, AdiY, AgaR, AraC, ArcA, ArgP, ArgR, AscG, BasR, BolA, BtsR, CRP, CRP-Sxy, CaiF, ChbR, ComR, CpxR, Cra, CreB, CsgD, CspA, CsqR, CusR, CytR, DcuR, DeoR, DgoR, DksA-ppGpp, DnaA, DpiA, DsdC, EbgR, EnvY, EvgA, ExuR, FNR, FadR, FeaR, FhlA, Fis, FlhDC, FliZ, FucR, Fur, GadE, GadE-RcsB, GadW, GadX, GalR, GalS, GatR, GcvA, GlaR, GlcC, GlpR, GlrR, GntR, GutM, H-NS, HU, HdfR, HipB, HprR, HyfR, HypT, IHF, IclR, IdnR, LacI, LeuO, LexA, LrhA, Lrp, LsrR, MalI, MalT, MarA, MarR, MatA, McbR, MelR, MetJ, MhpR, Mlc, MlrA, ModE, MprA, MqsA, MurR, Nac, NadR, NagC, NanR, NarL, NarP, NrdR, NsrR, NtrC, OmpR, OxyR, PaaX, PdhR, PhoB, PhoP, PrpR, PurR, PuuR, QseB, RbsR, RcdA, RcsAB, RcsB, RcsB-BglJ, RhaR, RhaS, Rob, RstA, SdiA, SlyA, SoxR, SoxS, SrlR, StpA, TdcA, TdcR, TorR, TreR, UhpA, UidR, UlaR, UvrY, UxuR, XylR, YdeO, YiaJ, YjjQ, ZraR, ppGpp
Summary: TF Summary ...[more]
TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR: Info
Name:
ArcA Weight Matrix      Tractordb tool
Connectivity class Global Regulator
Sensing Class External-Two-component systems
Synonym(s): ArcA response regulator, CpxC, DNA-binding transcriptional dual regulator ArcA, Dye, FexA, Msp, Seg, SfrA, dye resistance protein
Gene name(s): arcA
Functional conformation(s): ArcA-Phosphorylated , ArcA
Coregulator(s): AdiY, AppY, ArcA, BetI, BtsR, CRP, CadC, CaiF, Cra, CusR, CysB, DcuR, DksA-ppGpp, DnaA, DpiA, FNR, FadR, Fis, FlhDC, Fur, GadE, GadE-RcsB, GadW, GadX, GatR, GlcC, GlpR, H-NS, HipB, HprR, HypT, IHF, IclR, IscR, LexA, LldR, Lrp, MarA, McbR, Mlc, ModE, MqsA, NarL, NarP, NsrR, NtrC, OmpR, PdhR, PhoP, PuuR, RcdA, RcsB, RhaS, Rob, RutR, SdiA, SlyA, SoxR, SoxS, TorR, TreR, YdeO, ppGpp
Summary: TF Summary ...[more]
TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR: Info
Name:
CusR      Tractordb tool
Connectivity class Local Regulator
Sensing Class External-Two-component systems
Synonym(s): CusR response regulator, DNA-binding transcriptional activator CusR, YlcA
Gene name(s): cusR
Functional conformation(s): CusR-Pasp , CusR
Coregulator(s): ArcA, CRP, Cra, CusR, FNR, Fis, Fur, GadE, HprR, PdhR, PhoB
Summary: TF Summary ...[more]
TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR: Info
Name:
GadE Weight Matrix      Tractordb tool
Connectivity class Local Regulator
Synonym(s): DNA-binding transcriptional activator GadE, YhiE, YhiT, acid-responsive regulator of gadA and gadBC
Gene name(s): gadE
Functional conformation(s): GadE
Coregulator(s): AdiY, ArcA, ArgR, CRP, CadC, CpxR, Cra, CusR, EvgA, FNR, Fis, FliZ, Fur, GadE, GadE-RcsB, GadW, GadX, H-NS, HdfR, HprR, IHF, Lrp, MarA, MatA, Nac, NsrR, OmpR, PdhR, PhoB, PhoP, PurR, RcsAB, RcsB, Rob, RutR, TorR, YdeO, ppGpp
Summary: TF Summary ...[more]
TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR: Info
Name:
PdhR Weight Matrix      Tractordb tool
Connectivity class Local Regulator
Sensing Class Using internal synthesized signals
Synonym(s): AceC, DNA-binding transcriptional dual regulator PdhR, GenA, YacB
Gene name(s): pdhR
Functional conformation(s): PdhR-pyruvate , PdhR
Coregulator(s): ArcA, AscG, BasR, BtsR, CRP, CpxR, Cra, CusR, FNR, Fis, Fur, GadE, GlcC, HprR, HypT, IHF, MraZ, NsrR, PdhR, PhoP
Summary: TF Summary ...[more]
TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR: Info
Name:
Cra Weight Matrix      Tractordb tool
Connectivity class Local Regulator
Sensing Class Using internal synthesized signals
Synonym(s): DNA-binding transcriptional dual regulator Cra, FruC, FruR, Shl
Gene name(s): cra
Functional conformation(s): Cra , Cra-β-D-fructofuranose 1-phosphate , Cra-β-D-fructose 1,6-bisphosphate , Cra-;-D-fructose 1,6-bisphosphate
Coregulator(s): AcrR, ArcA, BasR, BetI, BolA, BtsR, CRP, CpxR, Cra, CsgD, CusR, DcuR, DksA, FNR, Fis, FliZ, Fur, GadE, GlcC, GntR, H-NS, HprR, IHF, IclR, KdgR, Lrp, MarA, MarR, Mlc, MlrA, MqsA, NagC, NarL, NarP, OmpR, PdhR, PrpR, RcdA, RcsAB, Rob, RstA, SgrR, SoxS, TyrR, ppGpp
Summary: TF Summary ...[more]
TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR: Info
Name:
HprR      Tractordb tool
Connectivity class Local Regulator
Sensing Class External-Two-component systems
Synonym(s): DNA-binding transcriptional dual regulator HprR, YedW
Gene name(s): hprR
Functional conformation(s): HprR-P , HprR
Coregulator(s): ArcA, CRP, Cra, CusR, FNR, Fis, Fur, GadE, HprR, PdhR, PhoB
Summary: TF Summary ...[more]
TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR: Info
Name:
Fur Weight Matrix      Tractordb tool
Connectivity class Local Regulator
Sensing Class External sensing using transported metabolites
Synonym(s): DNA-binding transcriptional dual regulator Fur
Gene name(s): fur
Functional conformation(s): Fur-Fe2+ , Fur , Fur-Mn2+
Coregulator(s): AcrR, AdiY, ArcA, ArgP, ArgR, AscG, CRP, CdaR, CpxR, Cra, CusR, EnvY, FNR, Fis, FliZ, Fur, GadE, GadX, H-NS, HdfR, HprR, HypT, IHF, IscR, LrhA, Lrp, MarA, MatA, MetR, MntR, ModE, MqsA, Nac, NagC, NarL, NfeR, NrdR, NsrR, NtrC, OmpR, OxyR, PdhR, PhoB, PurR, QseB, RcnR, RcsAB, Rob, RstA, RutR, SlyA, SoxR, SoxS, YjjQ, Zur, ppGpp
Summary: TF Summary ...[more]

REGULATION EXERTED BY ArcA,CRP,Cra,CusR,FNR,Fis,Fur,GadE,HprR,PdhR Info M3D | Colombos
KNOWN BINDING SITES (The central relative position is relative to the promoter +1)    
ArcA repressor CRP activator Cra repressor CusR activator FNR repressor Fis activator Fur repressor GadE activator HprR repressor PdhR repressor    
Transcription Factor
Regulated
Binding Sites
Evidence
References
Functional conformation
Function
Promoter
Gene(s)
LeftPos
RigthPos
Central Rel-Pos
Sequence
CRP-cAMP activator cyoAp cyoE , cyoD , cyoC , cyoB , cyoA 451680 451701 -37.5 ccaagtaacaGGAATTTAATCATGTTTACAGTAatgtaacctt   [1]
CRP-cAMP activator cyoAp cyoE , cyoD , cyoC , cyoB , cyoA 451834 451855 -191.5 ttatttgttaAATAATTGTTTTATTTCACATTGgttataccaa   [1]
ArcA-Phosphorylated repressor cyoAp cyoE , cyoD , cyoC , cyoB , cyoA 451846 451860 -200.0 gataattattTGTTAAATAATTGTTTtatttcacat [EME] [2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
Fur-Fe2+ repressor cyoAp cyoE , cyoD , cyoC , cyoB , cyoA 451857 451875 -213.0 agttgtcactCTAATGATAATTATTTGTTAaataattgtt   [6]
[7]
PdhR repressor cyoAp cyoE , cyoD , cyoC , cyoB , cyoA 451822 451838 -177.0 gttttatttcACATTGGTTATACCAATTgcccgcccag   [8]
FNR repressor cyoAp cyoE , cyoD , cyoC , cyoB , cyoA 451839 451852 -192.5 tttgttaaatAATTGTTTTATTTCAcattggttat   [9]
[2]
[6]
[10]
[11]
Cra repressor cyoAp cyoE , cyoD , cyoC , cyoB , cyoA 451913 451930 -268.5 aaattctattTTTCTTACACGATTCAGCTaatgagtctt   [12]
CusR-Pasp activator cyoAp cyoE , cyoD , cyoC , cyoB , cyoA 451577 451593 69.5 tcaggaaataCAATAAAAGTTTGGGATggttgtcatt   [13]
HprR-P repressor cyoAp cyoE , cyoD , cyoC , cyoB , cyoA 451576 451594 69.5 ctcaggaaatACAATAAAAGTTTGGGATGgttgtcatta   [13]
GadE activator cyoAp cyoE , cyoD , cyoC , cyoB , cyoA

Evidence: [EME] Expression microarray evidence
Reference(s): [1] Zheng D., et al., 2004
[2] Cotter PA., et al., 1992
[3] Federowicz S., et al., 2014
[4] Lynch AS., et al., 1996
[5] Salmon KA., et al., 2005
[6] Kumar R., et al., 2011
[7] Stojiljkovic I., et al., 1994
[8] Ogasawara H., et al., 2007
[9] Constantinidou C., et al., 2006
[10] Salmon K., et al., 2003
[11] Spiro S., et al., 1991
[12] Shimada T., et al., 2011
[13] Urano H., et al., 2015



Reference(s)    

 [1] Zheng D., Constantinidou C., Hobman JL., Minchin SD., 2004, Identification of the CRP regulon using in vitro and in vivo transcriptional profiling., Nucleic Acids Res 32(19):5874-93

 [2] Cotter PA., Gunsalus RP., 1992, Contribution of the fnr and arcA gene products in coordinate regulation of cytochrome o and d oxidase (cyoABCDE and cydAB) genes in Escherichia coli., FEMS Microbiol Lett 70(1):31-6

 [3] Federowicz S., Kim D., Ebrahim A., Lerman J., Nagarajan H., Cho BK., Zengler K., Palsson B., 2014, Determining the control circuitry of redox metabolism at the genome-scale., PLoS Genet 10(4):e1004264

 [4] Lynch AS., Lin EC., 1996, Transcriptional control mediated by the ArcA two-component response regulator protein of Escherichia coli: characterization of DNA binding at target promoters., J Bacteriol 178(21):6238-49

 [5] Salmon KA., Hung SP., Steffen NR., Krupp R., Baldi P., Hatfield GW., Gunsalus RP., 2005, Global gene expression profiling in Escherichia coli K12: effects of oxygen availability and ArcA., J Biol Chem 280(15):15084-96

 [6] Kumar R., Shimizu K., 2011, Transcriptional regulation of main metabolic pathways of cyoA, cydB, fnr, and fur gene knockout Escherichia coli in C-limited and N-limited aerobic continuous cultures., Microb Cell Fact 10:3

 [7] Stojiljkovic I., Baumler AJ., Hantke K., 1994, Fur regulon in gram-negative bacteria. Identification and characterization of new iron-regulated Escherichia coli genes by a fur titration assay., J Mol Biol 236(2):531-45

 [8] Ogasawara H., Ishida Y., Yamada K., Yamamoto K., Ishihama A., 2007, PdhR (pyruvate dehydrogenase complex regulator) controls the respiratory electron transport system in Escherichia coli., J Bacteriol 189(15):5534-41

 [9] Constantinidou C., Hobman JL., Griffiths L., Patel MD., Penn CW., Cole JA., Overton TW., 2006, A reassessment of the FNR regulon and transcriptomic analysis of the effects of nitrate, nitrite, NarXL, and NarQP as Escherichia coli K12 adapts from aerobic to anaerobic growth., J Biol Chem 281(8):4802-15

 [10] Salmon K., Hung SP., Mekjian K., Baldi P., Hatfield GW., Gunsalus RP., 2003, Global gene expression profiling in Escherichia coli K12. The effects of oxygen availability and FNR., J Biol Chem 278(32):29837-55

 [11] Spiro S., Guest JR., 1991, Adaptive responses to oxygen limitation in Escherichia coli., Trends Biochem Sci 16(8):310-4

 [12] Shimada T., Yamamoto K., Ishihama A., 2011, Novel members of the Cra regulon involved in carbon metabolism in Escherichia coli., J Bacteriol 193(3):649-59

 [13] Urano H., Umezawa Y., Yamamoto K., Ishihama A., Ogasawara H., 2015, Cooperative regulation of the common target genes between H2O2-sensing YedVW and Cu2+-sensing CusSR in Escherichia coli., Microbiology 161(Pt 4):729-38

 [14] Hommais F., Krin E., Coppee JY., Lacroix C., Yeramian E., Danchin A., Bertin P., 2004, GadE (YhiE): a novel activator involved in the response to acid environment in Escherichia coli., Microbiology 150(Pt 1):61-72

 [15] Bradley MD., Beach MB., de Koning AP., Pratt TS., Osuna R., 2007, Effects of Fis on Escherichia coli gene expression during different growth stages., Microbiology 153(Pt 9):2922-40


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